'Kaiserin Friedrich'

(Pronounced: KAIZER-ine FRED-rick)

ALSO KNOWN AS:

'Kaiserin Friedrich'

'Kaiserin Friedrich'

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'Kaiserin Friedrich' is a very distinctive Noisette that was introduced in 1889. At the present it is virtually unknown and very rare, with perhaps only a few surviving specimens.

The blooms of 'Kaiserin Friedrich' are very distinctive, and surprisingly modern in appearance. The outer petals are a bright rose pink, but the inner petals start out being a creamy butter yellow.

 

'Kaiserin Friedrich'

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The buds are medium-sized and sharply pointed, which makes one wonder how in the world all of those petals fit in the buds. The buds and blooms tend to occur in small clusters of 3-5.

 

'Kaiserin Friedrich'

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In overall coloration, Kaiserin Freidrich resembles 'Marie Von Houtte' or 'Mrs. Dudley Cross', but the form of the blooms when fully opened is nearly identical to 'Glorie de Dijon'.

This resemblence to two well known antique roses permits identification of Kaiserin Freidrich with an extremely high level of conficence.

 

'Kaiserin Friedrich'

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As the bloom of 'Kaiserin Friedrich' open completely, the petals turn inward and muddle. They also are transformed to successvely darker shades of orange until the entire bloom takes on an orange appearance

 

 
GENERAL
INFORMATION:

'Kaiserin Friedrich' is a distinctive and wonderful old Noisette rose with large, cabbage-like nodding, blooms that occur singly or in clusters of 3-5. In overall coloration, Kaiserin Friedrich resembles Marie Von Houtte or Mrs. Dudley Cross.

However, the form of 'Kaiserin Friedrich' blooms when fully opened is nearly identical to Glorie de Dijon. The resemblance to two well know antique roses permits identification of Kaiserin Friedrich with an extremely high level of confidence.

 
BOTANICAL
GROUP:

Chinensis

 
GROUP:

OGR

 
CLASS:

N

 
SEED
PARENT:

'Glorie de Dijon'  

POLLEN
PARENT:

'Perle des Jardines'  

BREEDER:

Drögeüller/Schulltheis  

INTRODUCED:

'Kaiserin Friedrich' was introduced in Germany in 1889 by Drögeüller/Schulltheis, who named it for the late German Empress.  

DATE:

1889 [ Germany ]  

PLANT SIZE
AND FORM:

Height:    8 '     to    10 '           Width:    6 '     to    6 '



'Kaiserin Friedrich' is a vigouous climbing Noisette that will grow to heights of 8' - 10'.  

FOLIAGE
DESCRIPTION:

The foliage is dense and medium green. The stems have few thorns, which makes it relatively easy to work with.

 
FOLIAGE
FRAGRANCE:

None.  

BLOOM
FREQUENCY:

Repeat. 'Kaiserin Friedrich' starts blooming in mid- March in the Texas Hill Country and repeats throughout the growing season.

It was originally thought that our specimen of 'Kaiserin Friedrich' bloomed only once, but that misconception resulted from the 'mother plant' being located in dense shade. In full sun, it repats frequently.

 
BLOOM
DESCRIPTION:
Flower Size:    3.00"      to      3.50"           Cluster Size:    3      to      5           Petal Count:    50 to 60          

'Kaiserin Friedrich' flowers are large, nodding, and cabbage-shaped. They are 3" to 3-1/2" , across and occur singly or in small clusters of 3 to 5 flowers.

 
BLOOM
COLOR:

PB - Pink Blend. 'Kaiserin Freidrich' blooms resemble 'Marie Von Houtte' or 'Mrs. Dudley Cross' in coloration, but the form of the blooms when ully opened is nearly identical to 'Glorie de Dijon'.

As the blooms age they turn successively darker shades of orange.

 
COLOR VARIATION:

None.  

FRAGRANCE:

VF - Very Fragrant. 'Kaiserin Friedrich' is very fragrant.

 
HIPS:

None observed.

 
CLIMATE:

Zones 7 - 9  

CULTURE:

'Kaiserin Friedrich' prefers full sun but will tolerate poorer soils and some shade. It should be pruned lightly during the winter months.

 
PROPAGATION:

'Kaiserin Friedrich' is easily propagated from cuttings.

 
OTHER
CHARACTERISTICS:


    ** Tolerant of shade
    ** Tolerant of poorer soils
    ** Requires sunny location to thrive
    ** Suitable for use as a climbing or pillar rose
    ** Availability is limited  

ANECDOTAL
INFORMATION:

'Kaiserin Friedrich' is a very unusual and rare rose that should be collected, preserved, and distributed whenever and wherever it is found. There may be as few as a handful of remaining specimens in the world.

Specimens of 'Kaiserin Friedrich' are reported to be in the collection at the Europa-Rosarium at Sangerhausen, Germany.

 
REFERENCES:

American Rose Society. Modern Roses XI. Shreveport, Louisiana: American Rose Society. 2000, p. 271.

Dickerson, Brent C.. The Old Rose Advisor. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press. 1992, p. 232.