'Archduke Charles'

(Pronounced: ARCH-Duke CHARL-Zh)

ALSO KNOWN AS:

'Archduke Charles' , 'Archiduc Charles'

'Archduke Charles'

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'Archduke Charles' is a fine old China rose with blooms that darken dramatically as they age.

 

'Archduke Charles'

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'Archduke Charles' blooms open rose pink with paler edges.

 

'Archduke Charles'

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As the blooms age they turn darker shades and finally are a rich crimson.

 

'Archduke Charles'

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The color variations can be quire dramatic, ranging from light pink to dark crimson blooms displayed side by side on the same bush. In our garden, 'Archduke Charles' always makes people stop and say "What is that wonderful rose?"

 

 
GENERAL
INFORMATION:

'Archduke Charles' is a magnificent old china rose with petals that change color as the blooms age. The blooms open rose pink with paler edges, but they age they turn darker shades and finally are a rich crimson.

This rose is as changeable as a chameleon. The flowers open with crimson outer petals and pink centers, and the heat of the sun causes the color change to proceed more rapidly.

This gives the effect of a bi-colored rose in the spring and fall and all red roses in the summer. The growth habit is erect, and the blooms repeat reliably.

 
BOTANICAL
GROUP:

Chinensis

 
GROUP:

OGR

 
CLASS:

H Ch

 
SEED
PARENT:

Unknown  

POLLEN
PARENT:

Unknown  

BREEDER:

Laffaay  

INTRODUCED:

'Archduke Charles' was introduced before 1837 (c. 1825) by Laffay.  

DATE:

1825 [ France ]  

PLANT SIZE
AND FORM:

Height:    3 '     to    5 '           Width:    2 '     to    3 '



'Archduke Charles' forms a neat upright bush 3' to 5' high, and 3' wide.  

FOLIAGE
DESCRIPTION:

The foliage is small, dark green and glossy.

 
FOLIAGE
FRAGRANCE:

None.  

BLOOM
FREQUENCY:

C - Continuous. 'Archduke Charles' starts blooming in April in the Texas Hill Country and blooms almost continuously until frost.

 
BLOOM
DESCRIPTION:
Flower Size:    3.00"      to      3.00"           Cluster Size:    3      to      7           Petal Count:    35 to 45          

'Archduke Charles' flowers are medium sized (2-1/2" - 3"), cupped, and double. The petals curl and may therefore appear pointed.

 
BLOOM
COLOR:

'Archduke Charles' blooms are rose pink with paler edges. As they age they turn darker shades and finally are a rich crimson.

 
COLOR VARIATION:

Flower colors range from palest pink to crimson on the same plant.  

FRAGRANCE:

mf - Moderately fragrant. 'Archduke Charles' has good fragrance.

 
HIPS:

Nono observed.

 
CLIMATE:

Zones 7 - 9  

CULTURE:

'Archduke Charles' should be planted in a sunny location. It appreciates humus-enriched soil and should be well watered in hot weather to prevent mildew.

'Archduke Charles' can be temperamental in cold climates, but it is quite hardy. Generally it does better in warm climates.

 
PROPAGATION:

'Archduke Charles' is easily propagated from cuttings.

 
OTHER
CHARACTERISTICS:


    ** Suitable for hedging and fence rows
    ** Suitable for growing into trees
    ** Requires sunny location to thrive
    ** Suitable for growing in pots
    ** Suitable for growing in greenhouses
    ** Availability is limited

'Archduke Charles' makes a wonderful low hedge or foundation planting.

 
ANECDOTAL
INFORMATION:

'Archduke Charles' was described by Thomas Rivers, a 19th Century rose authority, as being as "changeable as a chameleon." This statement was prompted by the fact that the petals change color as the blooms age.

The process is accelerated by heat and ultraviolet light.

A hedge of 'Archduke Charles' will appear bi-colored in the spring and fall but will appear to be crimson in the heat of the summer.

'Archduke Charles' was named for the father of the Emperor Franz Joseph, the longest serving ruler in European history.

 
REFERENCES:

American Rose Society. Modern Roses 10. Shreveport, Louisiana: American Rose Society. 1993, p. 26.

American Rose Society. Modern Roses XI. Shreveport, Louisiana: American Rose Society. 2000, p. 20.

Antique Rose Emporium. The Antique Rose Emporium 1988 Catalog. Independence, Texas: Antique Rose Emporium. 1988, p. 16.

Beales, Peter. Classic Roses. New York: Henry Holt & Company. 1997, pp. 19, 353.

Druitt, Liz. The Organic Rose Garden. Dallas, TX: Taylor Publishing Company. 1996, pp. 85, 86, 97, 110.

Welch, William C.. Antique Roses for the South. Dallas: Taylor Publishing. 1990, pp. 47, 72, 121,136.

Welch, William C.. Perennial Garden Color. Dallas: Taylor Publishing. 1989, pp. 207, 238.