'Rouletii'

(Pronounced: Rue-LET-tee-e)

ALSO KNOWN AS:

'Centifolia Minimia' , R. X Centifolia Minimia , 'Rouletii'

 

'Rouletii'

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'Rouletii' is a very small shrub with a nearly continuous display of very small (1/2") beautifully shaped flowers.

 

'Rouletii'

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The double lilac-pink blooms are nicely displayed against the dark green foliage.

 

'Rouletii'

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The individual petals of the blooms reflex slightly along their long axis giving the appearance of star-like flowers with rounded tips on their petals.

 

'Rouletii'

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'Rouletii' makes an excellent low hedge (1' to 3') that is almost contstantly in bloom.

 

'Rouletii'

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'Rouletii' hips are pea-sized and bright orange. It produces abundant hips starting in mid summer if not deadheaded.

 
 

 
GENERAL
INFORMATION:

'Rouletii' is a China rose and a variety of R. chinensis minima, but it was discovered growing in a pot in a cottage window box in Switzerland, far from its native habitat. It is the first of the miniature roses.

This rose, or one similar to it, originated in China and a miniature version was brought to Europe prior to 1818, where it became popular as a potted plant and was grown indoors. Subsequently, interest in these roses faded.

In 1918, a Swiss physician and medical officer named Major Roulet discovered specimens growing in pots in a Swiss village and was told that they had been grown there for many years.

 
BOTANICAL
GROUP:

Synstylae

 
GROUP:

OGR

 
CLASS:

H Ch

 
SEED
PARENT:

Said to be a variety of  

POLLEN
PARENT:

Unknown  

BREEDER:

Unknown  

INTRODUCED:

'Rouletii' was introduced into commerce in 1922 by Henry Correvon of Geneva, who named it after Dr. Roulet.  

DATE:

Before 1818 [ Switzerland ]  

PLANT SIZE
AND FORM:

Height:    1 '     to    3 '           Width:    1 '     to    2 '



The original specimen of 'Rouletii' is reported to have been only 2" high, possibly due to the climate and the restrictions of the pot that it was growing in. In warm climates, it becomes a 1' to 3' small shrub.  

FOLIAGE
DESCRIPTION:

The foliage is dark green and extends to the bottom of the canes. 'Rouletii' is almost evergreen, holding most of its leaves throughout mild winters.

 
FOLIAGE
FRAGRANCE:

None.  

BLOOM
FREQUENCY:

C - Continuous Blooming. 'Rouletii' starts blooming in early spring (early March in the Texas Hill Country) and repeat blooms almost continuously throughout the growing season.

 
BLOOM
DESCRIPTION:
Flower Size:    .50"      to      .50"           Cluster Size:    1      to      3           Petal Count:    40 to 500          

'Rouletii' flowers are very small (1/2"), double, and borne in clusters. They look a little like scaled down, tiny Old Blush blooms.

 
BLOOM
COLOR:

mp. Medium Pink. 'Rouletii' blooms are lilac pink and have no tendency to fade as they age.

 
COLOR VARIATION:

None.  

FRAGRANCE:

NONE. 'Rouletii' has no fragrance.

 
HIPS:

Small, Orange, Globose. In June of 1997, about 6 weeks after the spring bloom, numerous small pea-sized round hips were observed. 'Rouetii' produces a good display of hips in the absence of excessive deadheading.

 
CLIMATE:

Zones 6 - 9  

CULTURE:

'Rouletii' prefers full sun and will also grow in a greenhouse or a sunny window.

 
PROPAGATION:

'Rouletii' is easily propagated from cuttings.

 
OTHER
CHARACTERISTICS:


    ** Tolerant of poorer soils
    ** Suitable for growing in pots
    ** Availability is limited

Because of its small size, 'Rouletii' is perfect for containers and low border plantings.

 
ANECDOTAL
INFORMATION:

'Rouletii' is the first modern miniature rose and the parent of many cultivated miniature roses. The original specimen was tiny - only 2" high - and had been growing and blooming profusely year after year in the same window for over a 400 years.

It is said that when Henri Correvon went to collect the specimen, he arrived to find that the village had been completely destroyed by fire.

Fortunately, he found another specimen growing in the neighboring village of Onnens and was able to get a cutting. So this marvelous little rose and parent of the modern miniature roses was nearly "one that got away."

 
REFERENCES:

American Rose Society. Modern Roses 10. Shreveport, Louisiana: American Rose Society. 1993, p. 522.

American Rose Society. Modern Roses XI. Shreveport, Louisiana: American Rose Society. 2000, p. 515.

Antique Rose Emporium. The Antique Rose Emporium 1988 Catalog. Independence, Texas: Antique Rose Emporium. 1988, p. 20.

Beales, Peter. Classic Roses. New York: Henry Holt & Company. 1997, pp. 42, 43, 319.