'Autumn Damask'

(Pronounced: AW-tum DAM-ask)

ALSO KNOWN AS:

'Autumn Damask' , 'Castilian' , 'Four Seasons' , 'Old Castilian' , 'Quatre Saisons' , R. bifera , R. bifera semperflorens , R. damascenca bifera , R. damascenca semperflorens , R. semperflorens , 'Rose des Quatre Saisons' , 'Rose of Castille'

'Autumn Damask'

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'Autumn Damask' is a very old rose of many names, that was known in Europe before 1819.

 

'Autumn Damask'

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'Autumn Damask' is the only old European rose that repeats. Its double blooms open bright rose pink and gradually fade, exhibiting shades of mauve.

 

 
GENERAL
INFORMATION:

Autumn Damask' is a very ancient rose, thought to be the Four-Seasons Rose of Paestum mentioned by classical writers. Its large, double, light pink, very fragrant blooms are borne in small clusters on arching canes.

 
BOTANICAL
GROUP:

Gallicanae

 
GROUP:

OGR

 
CLASS:

D

 
SEED
PARENT:

Unknown  

POLLEN
PARENT:

Unknown  

BREEDER:

Unknown  

INTRODUCED:

'Autumn Damask' is a very ancient rose, thought to be the Four-Seasons Rose of Paestum mentioned by classical writers.  

DATE:

Before 1819  

PLANT SIZE
AND FORM:

Height:    3 '     to    4 '           Width:    4 '     to    4 '



'Autumn Damask' forms a mounding shrub 3' to 4' in height and 4' wide.  

FOLIAGE
DESCRIPTION:

The foliage is grayish medium green and leathery.

 
FOLIAGE
FRAGRANCE:

None.  

BLOOM
FREQUENCY:

Repeat. 'Autumn Damask' starts blooming in April in the Texas Hill Country and repeats with scattered blooms throughout he summer and into the fall.

 
BLOOM
DESCRIPTION:
Flower Size:    3.00"      to      4.00"           Cluster Size:    3      to      5           Petal Count:    40 to 50          

'Autumn Damask' flowers are double with ruffled, muddled, silky petals and golden stamens in a compact central area.

 
BLOOM
COLOR:

mp - Medium pink. 'Autumn Damask' blooms open bright rose pink and gradually fade, exhibiting shades of mauve.

 
COLOR VARIATION:

None.  

FRAGRANCE:

vf - Very fragrant. 'Autumn Damask' has one of the finest of Damask rose scents.

 
HIPS:

None Observed

 
CLIMATE:

Zones 5 - 9  

CULTURE:

'Autumn Damask' tolerates poorer soils. It likes heat and responds well to mulch and drip irrigation. It is somewhat susceptible to mildew.

 
PROPAGATION:

'Autumn Damask' is easily propagated from cuttings.

 
OTHER
CHARACTERISTICS:


    ** Tolerant of poorer soils
    ** Suitable for hedging and fence rows
    ** Suitable for growing into trees
    ** Susceptible to mildew
    ** Suitable for planting in woodlands settings
    ** Availability is limited

Because of its strong fragrance 'Autumn Damask' is excellent for making pot-pourri.

 
ANECDOTAL
INFORMATION:

'Autumn Damask' is one of the parents of the Hybrid Perpetual roses. 'Perpetual White Moss' is a sport of this rose

 
REFERENCES:

American Rose Society. Modern Roses XI. Shreveport, Louisiana: American Rose Society. 2000, p. 33.

Antique Rose Emporium. The Antique Rose Emporium 1988 Catalog. Independence, Texas: Antique Rose Emporium. 1988, p. 12.

Barnard, Loretta, ed.. 500 Popular Roses for American Gardens. Hauppauge, NY: Barron's Educational Series, Inc.. 1997, pp. 92-94.

Beales, Peter. Classic Roses. New York: Henry Holt & Company. 1997, pp. 8, 12, 14, 135, 173.

Druitt, Liz. The Organic Rose Garden. Dallas, TX: Taylor Publishing Company. 1996, pp. 97, 110-111.

Welch, William C.. Antique Roses for the South. Dallas: Taylor Publishing. 1990, pp. 120, 147, 159.

Welch, William C.. Perennial Garden Color. Dallas: Taylor Publishing. 1989, pp. 219, 230, 238.